2 edition of Pragmatics, formal theory, and the analysis of presupposition. found in the catalog.
Pragmatics, formal theory, and the analysis of presupposition.
John David Dinsmore
A cognitive-scientific approach to the pragmatic interpretive ability is presented, according to which it is seen as a specific cognitive system dedicated to the interpretation of ostensive stimuli, that is, verbal utterances and other overtly communicative acts. This approach calls for a dual construal of semantics. The semantics which interfaces with the pragmatic interpretive system is not Cited by: 1. Pragmatics: implicature, presupposition, and logical form | Gazdar G. | download | B–OK. Download books for free. Find books.
This textbook provides a lucid and integrative analysis of the central topics in pragmatics - deixis, implicature, presupposition, speech acts, and conversational structure. A Those aspects of language use that are crucial to an understanding of language as a system, and especially to an understanding of meaning, are the acknowledged concern of /5. Presupposition triggers. A presupposition trigger is a lexical item or linguistic construction which is responsible for the presupposition, and thus "triggers" it. The following is a selection of presuppositional triggers following Stephen C. Levinson's classic textbook on Pragmatics, which in turn draws on a list produced by Lauri is customary, the presuppositional triggers.
Formal Semantics, Lecture 7 B. H. Partee, RGGU April 1, p. 3 RGGUdoc 3 Thus it seems most reasonable to conclude that the sentential conjunction and is unambiguous: lexical semantics should specify that its truth-conditional meaning is just theFile Size: KB. Some more on the pragmatic theory Influential exponents include Stalnaker (): Suggested that when people communicate, they have a common ground (CG) This is a background set of assumptions that they both make, and know to be true Presupposition works against this common ground Felicitous use of an utterance requires that its presuppositions.
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Introduces Discourse Representation Theory and File Change Semantics, with their formal representation of context and context change. Covers presupposition, including the nature and status of presuppositions as well as presupposition by: Formal Pragmatics addresses issues that are on the borderline of semantics and pragmatics of natural language, from the point of view of a model-theoretic semanticist.
This up-to-date resource covers a substantial body of formal work on linguistic phenomena, and presents the way the semantics-pragmatics interface has come to be viewed : Nirit Formal theory. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more.
Pragmatics, formal theory, and the analysis of presupposition. In this article, three theoretic frameworks are discussed: optimality-theoretic, game-theoretic, and decision-theoretic pragmatics, the last being based on Ducrot’s argumentation theory.
The close similarities between optimality-theoretic and game-theoretic Pragmatics are pointed out. Concerning decision-theoretic pragmatics, some arguments are provided demonstrating that an independent.
In book: Exploring Language and Linguistics, Publisher: Cambridge University Press, pp presupposition, speech acts and implicatures. (a formal approach to the study of natural Author: Louise Cummings. A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF PRESUPPOSITION IN Yule‟s theory of presupposition and Holmes‟ theory of context are used by the researcher to answer the formulated research questions.
Keywords: Pragmatics, Presupposition, Implied Meaning, Hotel Transylvania. 1 CHAPTER IFile Size: 1MB. FORMAL PRAGMATICS Christopher Potts In the s, Chomsky and his colleagues began attempts to reduce the complexity of natural language phonology and syntax to a few general principles.
It wasn’t long before philosophers, notably John Searle and H. Paul Grice, started looking for ways to do the same for rational communication (Chapman ).
In his William James Lectures, Grice. Much recent work challenges the sharp distinction between semantics and pragmatics implied by the traditional trichotomy. The subdiscipline of formal pragmatics is concerned especially with issues where semantics and pragmatics overlap.
Kadmon () and Potts () are good examples of work in formal semantics and pragmatics; Kadmon’s book File Size: KB. Pragmatics Christopher Potts Department of Linguistics, Stanford University Abstract This chapter reviews core empirical phenomena and technical concepts from linguistic pragmatics, including context dependence, common ground, indexicality, conversational implicature, presupposition, and speech acts.
Pragmatics is one of the rapidly growing fields in contemporary linguistics. Huang provides an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the central topics in pragmatics - implicature, presupposition, speech acts, and deixis.
Formal Pragmatics. Semantics, Pragmatics, Presupposition, and Focus Article in Journal of Pragmatics 37(5) May with ReadsAuthor: Robert Van Rooij. Get this from a library. Pragmatics, formal theory and the analysis of presupposition. [John Dinsmore].
This textbook provides a lucid and integrative analysis of the central topics in pragmatics - deixis, implicature, presupposition, speech acts, and conversational structure.
A central concern of the book is the relation between pragmatics and semantics, and Dr Levinson shows clearly how a pragmatic approach can resolve some of the problems. This paper is concerned with the concept of ‘presupposition’, specifically as it is applied in critical approaches to discourse analysis such as Critical Discourse Analysis or Societal Pragmatics, and proposes a systematisation of a socio-cognitive approach to the by: 8.
Formal Pragmatics. Semantics, Pragmatics, Presupposition, and Focus. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (Fotion ).
Pragmatics is the study of language which focuses attention on the users and the context of language use rather than on reference, truth, or grammar.
The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (Lycan ). Therefore, 'Formal Pragmatics' (the title of the book) quite easily evades the boundary of linguistic common knowledge, and moves into the world of logical formalities where readers with no exposure to the field will return with little gain.
[Presupposition projection: The Basic Analysis] (pp. ), Kadmon focuses on presupposition. Formal Pragmatics addresses issues that are on the borderline of semantics and pragmatics of natural language, from the point of view of a model-theoretic semanticist.
This up-to-date resource covers a substantial body of formal work on linguistic phenomena, and presents the way the semantics-pragmatics interface has come to be viewed today/5(8).
General Overviews. There are several accessible overview articles on presupposition, such as HornSimonsand Beaver and Geurts Chierchia and McConnell-Ginet is a general introductory textbook on natural-language semantics that spares a fair amount of pages on presupposition.
Beaver and Kadmon contain chapters that serve as comprehensive. Heim’s projection theory thus incorporates Stalnaker-Lewis accommodation, which appeals in turn to the Gricean model of a cooperative conversational strategy dynamically exploited to generate pragmatic inferences.
(See DYNAMIC SEMANTICS.) Soames () provides a conspectus of formal approaches to presupposition, andFile Size: KB. This introduction to pragmatics - the study of language in use - provides an authoritative and comprehensive account of its central topics and a guide to the latest research.
It opens with a discussion of the scope, meaning, and history of pragmatics from Aristotle to the present. It shows how the subject relates to the study of semantics, syntax, and sociolinguistics and to such fields as the.In this textbook, however, Dr Levinson has provided a lucid and integrative analysis of the central topics in pragmatics - deixis, implicature, presupposition, speech acts, and conversational structure/5(5).Universal pragmatics, more recently placed under the heading of formal pragmatics, is the philosophical study of the necessary conditions for reaching an understanding through communication.
The philosopher Jürgen Habermas coined the term in his essay "What is Universal Pragmatics?" where he suggests that human competition, conflict, and strategic action are attempts to achieve understanding that have failed because of modal confusions.
The implication .